Multilingualism in my family: Adam's story

7 May 2013

In our monthly instalment of Multilingualism in my family, we meet Adam and his family in Japan.
Adam and his wife are raising their two children to be bilingual: Japanese and English. You may already be familiar with Adam's blog which is full of very helpful resources and tips for parents of multilingual children. Adam tells us how reading is at the heart of his family's language strategy. I admire his dedication (making videos of yourself speaking the minority language - woah!!!).

Triligual road sign in Japan - via Flickr

1. Name


2. Blog

3. In what country do you currently live?

We live in Hiroshima, Japan

4. How many children have you got and how old are they?

I’m American and my wife is Japanese. We have two children: a girl, 8, and a boy, 5.

5. Who speaks what to whom (in the home)?

From the start, my wife and I have consistently followed the “one person-one language” approach: she communicates with the kids in Japanese and I communicate with them in English—this has become our natural mode of language use, nearly 100% of the time. My wife and I generally use our own languages, too, when we interact with each other, though I will sometimes use Japanese when we’re out of earshot of the children. Our kids use both languages when they interact, but not usually at the same time. In other words, depending on the situation, they sometimes use Japanese, sometimes English.

6. What language do your children hear outside home?

Outside the house, the children use Japanese almost exclusively—at school or playing with friends—but occasionally they have an opportunity to use English with English-speaking friends.

7. If you had to put percentages on the languages your child(ren) hear what would they be?

The children are exposed to Japanese about 75% of their waking hours and English about 25%.

8. Did you set out to follow a particular method to raise your child(ren) multilingually? Why? Why not?

As the main source of English exposure in my children’s lives, I’ve taken it upon myself to provide them with as much effective exposure to the language as I’m able. This includes creating an English-rich environment at home (we have a large library of children’s books) and maintaining daily routines like read-aloud time and reading-writing homework.

9. What works with your current family language set up? Why?

As I’m convinced that books and reading are at the heart of strong language acquisition, I put special emphasis on reading aloud to my kids (which I began from birth and will sustain for as long as possible) and getting them to read every day as well. (Chapter books that come in a series, and engage children with their familiar characters and conventions, form the core of this effort.)

10. What doesn’t work? Why?

As I work from home these days, I’m very fortunate in that I can spend a substantial amount of time with my kids. This wasn’t the case, however, for their first few years—back then, I was working full-time and providing sufficient exposure in English was much tougher. (I resorted to ideas like making videos of myself reading books aloud, which my wife would play for them when I was at the office.)

11. What would you do differently if you could or would have to do it again?

While my children are small, and language exposure is especially crucial, I’ve prioritized time over money—I’d rather have more time for them, even if that means earning less income. For us, this has been a fruitful decision—since the children’s bilingual development is strong—and yet we now face the challenge of increasing our financial security and flexibility. I probably should have built up a better savings before my children were born!

12. Any other comments

When the main caregiver uses the majority language, and the child is schooled in the majority language, too—like our situation—this is a significant challenge for the minority-language parent. To realize sufficient exposure to the minority language in such circumstances, the bilingual goal must be made a huge priority and proactive efforts are needed on a daily basis.

If you would like to take part in this series, please contact me at thepiripirilexicon at A big thank you to Adam for answering my questions.

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